UPPCL Recruitment – Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited – 226 Junior Engineer Electrical Trainee Vacancy – Last Date 31 October 2017
25 September 2017
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conduct a competitive Examination for the Recruitment of Special Class Railway Apprentices Examination, (SCRA) in Mechanical Department of Indian Railways. In this article we will discuss about SCRA exams syllabus, Pattern And Eligibility Criteria.
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) SCRA Exam Pattern : In this Exam there are Two Part Part I is Objective type Question only and Part II is Personality Test. All sections of the Question Paper for the Part-I will be set in Only English. Question paper will be approximately of the intermidiate standerd.
Part -I :
Part II :
Personality Test : Personality Test carrying a maximum of 200 marks in respect of only those candidates who are declared qualified on the result of written Examination. each candidates will be interviewed by a board who will have before them a recrod of his career both academic and extramural. They will be asked question on matters general interest.
Negative Marking : There will be negative marking of 0.33 marks for each wrong answer.
Syllabus For SCRA Exams : Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) SCRA Exam is the most popular exam among the all exams conducted by UPSC. Now lets have a look at the detailed syllabus of this Exam. Special Class Railway Apprentices Examination comprises of three papers viz, Paper I, Paper II, Paper III.
1. Paper I: General Ability Test (English, General Knowledge, Psychological Test)
(i) English :
The questions will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding and command Of the language.
(ii) General Knowledge :
The questions will be designed to test a candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to society. The standard of answers to question should be as expected of students of standard 12 or equivalent. Man and is environment Evolution of life, plants and animals, heredity and environment-Genetics, cells, chromosomes, genesis Knowledge of the human body-nutrition, balanced diet, substitute foods, public health and sanitation including control of epidemics and common diseases. Environmental pollution and its control. Food adulteration, proper storage and preservation of food grains and finished products, population explosion, population control. Production of food and raw materials. Breeding of animals and plants, artificial insemination, manures and fertilizers, crop protection measures, high yielding varieties and green revolution, main cereal and cash crops of India. Solar system and the earth. Seasons, Climate, Weather, Soil—its ormation, erosion. Forests and their uses. Natural calamities cyclones, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions. Mountains and rivers and their role in irrigation in India. Distribution of natural resources and industries in India. Exploration of under—ground minerals including Oil conservation of natural resources with particular reference to the flora and fauna of India. History, Politics and Society in India— Vedic, Mahavir, Buddha, auryan, Sunga, Andhra, Kushan. Gupta ages (Mauryan Pillars, Stupa Caves, Sanchi, Mathura and Gandharva Schools, Temple architecture, Ajanta and Ellora) the rise of new social forces with the coming of Islam and establishment of broader contacts Transition from feudalism to capitalism. Opening of European contacts. Establishment of British rule in India. Rise of nationalism and national struggle for freedom culminating in Independence. Constitution of India and its characteristic features—Democracy, secularism, Socialism, equality of opportunity and Parliamentary form of Government. Major political ideologies—democracy, socialism, communism and Gandhi an idea of non-violence. Indian political parties, pressure groups, public opinion and the press, electoral system. India’s foreign policy and non-alignment- Arms race, balance of power. World organization — political, social, economic and cultural. Important events including sports and cultural activities) in India and abroad during the past two years. Broad features of Indian social system — the caste system, hierarchy — recent changes and trends. Minority social institution — marriage, family, religion and acculturation Division of labour, co-operation, conflict and competition, Social control — reward and punishment, art, law, customs, propaganda, public opinion, agencies of social control — family, religion, State educational institutions; factors of social change — economic, technological, demographic, cultural; the concept of revolution. Social disorganisation in India — Casteism, communalism, corruption in public life, youth unrest, beggary, drugs, delinquency and crime, poverty and unemployment. Social planning and welfare in India, community development and labour welfare; welfare of Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes. Money — Taxation, price, demographic trends, national income, economic growth. Private and Public Sectors; economic and non-economic factors in planning, balanced versus imbalanced growth, agricultural versus industrial development; inflation and price stabilization, problem of resource mobilisation. India’s Five Year Plans.
(iii) Psychological Test :
The questions will be designed to assess the basic intelligence and mechanical aptitude of the candidate.
Paper II : Physical Sciences (Physics and Chemistry)
(i) Physics :
Length measurements using vernier, screw gauge, speedometer and optical lever measurement of time and mass. Straight line motion and relationships among placements, velocity and acceleration. Newton’s Laws of Motion, Momentum, impulse, work, energy and power. Coefficient of friction. Equilibrium of bodies under action of Forces. Moment of a force, couple. Newton’s Law of Gravitation. Escape velocity Acceleration due to gravity. Mass and Weight; Centre of gravity, Uniform circular motion, centripetal force, simple Harmonic motion. Simple pendulum. Pressure in a fluid and its variation with depth. Pascal’s Law. Principle of Archimedes. Floating bodies, atmospheric pressure and its measurement. Temperature and its measurement. Thermal expansion, Gas laws and absolute temperature. Specific heat, latent heats and their measurement. Specific heat of gases. Mechanical equivalent of heat. Internal energy and First law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic changes. Transmission of heat; thermal conductivity. Wave motion; Longitudinal and transverse waves. Progressive and stationary waves, Velocity of sound in gas and its dependence on various factors. Resonance phenomena (air columns and strings). Reflection and refraction of light. Mage formation by curved mirrors and lenses, Microscopes and telescopes. Defects of vision. Prisms, deviation and dispersion, Minimum deviation. Visible spectrum. Field due to a bar magnet, Magnetic moment, Elements of Earth’s magnetic field. Magnetometers. Dia, para and ferromagnetism. Electric charge, electric field and potential, Coulomb’s Law. Electric current; electric cells, e.m.f. resistance, ammeters and voltmeters. Ohm’s law; resistances in series and parallel, specific resistance and conductivity. Heating effect of current. Wheatstone’s bridge, Potentiometer. Magnetic effect of current; straight wire, coil and solenoid electromagnet; electric bell. Force on a current-carrying conductor in magnetic field; moving coil galvanometers; conversion to ammeter orvoltmeter.Chemical effects of current; Primary and storage cells and their functioning, Laws of electrolysis. Electromagnetic induction; Simple A.C. and D.C. generators. Transformers, Induction Coil, Cathode rays, discovery of the electron, Bohr model of the atom. Diode and its use as a rectifier. Production, properties and uses of Grays. Radioactivity; Alpha, Beta and Gamma rays. Nuclear energy; fission and fusion, conversion of mass into energy, chain reaction.
Physical Chemistry :
1. Atomic structure; earlier models in brief. Atom as at three dimensional models. Orbital concept. Quantum numbers and their significance, only elementary treatment. Paula’s Exclusion Principle. Electronic configuration. Aufbau Principle, s.p.d. and f. block elements. Periodic classification only long form. Periodicity and electronic configuration.
Atomic radii, Electro-negativity in period and groups.
2. Chemical Bonding, electro-valent, covalent, coordinates covalent bonds. Bond properties, sigma and Pie bonds, Shapes of simple molecules like water, hydrogen sulphide, methane and ammonium chloride. Molecular association and hydrogen bonding.
3. Energy changes in a chemical reaction Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions Application of First Law of Thermodynamics, Hess’s Law of constant heat summation.
4. Chemical Equilibriums and rates of reactions. Law of Mass action. Effect of Pressure, Temperature and concentration on the rates of reaction. (Qualitative treatment based on Le Chatelier’s Principle). Molecularity; First and Second order reaction. Concept of Energy of activation. Application to manufacture of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide.
5. Solutions: True solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions. Colligative properties of dilute solutions and determination of Molecular weights of issolvedsubstances.Elevation of boiling points. Depressions of freezing point, osmotic pressure. Raoult’s Law (no thermodynamic treatment only).
6. Electro-Chemistry: Solution of Electrolytes, Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, ionic equilibrium, Solubility product Strong and weak electrolytes. Acids and Bases (Lewis and Bronstead concept). PH and Buffer solutions.
7. Oxidation — Reduction; Modern, electronics concept and oxidation number.
8. Natural and Artificial Radioactivity: Nuclear Fission and Fusion. Uses of Radioactive
Isotopes. Inorganic Chemistry Brief Treatment of Elements and their industrially important compounds:
1. Hydrogen: Position in the periodic table. Isotopes of hydrogen. Electronegative and electropositive character. Water, hard and soft water, use of water in industries, Heavy water and its uses.
2. Group I Elements: Manufacture of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride.
3. Group II Elements: Quick and slaked lime. Gypsum, Plaster of Paris. Magnesium sulphate and Magnesia.
4. Group III Elements: Borax, Alumina and Alum.
5. Group IV Elements: Coals, Coke and solid Fuels, Silicates, Zolitis semi-conductors.
Glass (Elementary treatment).
6. Group V Elements. Manufacture of ammonia and nitric acid. Rock Phosphates and safety matches.
7. Group VI Elements. Hydrogen peroxide, allotropy of sulphur, sculptures acid. Oxides of sulphur.
8. Group VII Elements. Manufacture and uses of Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine, Hydrochloric acid. Bleaching powder.
9. Group O. (Noble gases) Helium and its uses. 10. Metallurgical Processes: General Methods of extraction of metals with specific reference to copper, iron, aluminums,
Silver, gold, zinc and lead. Common alloys of these metals; Nickel and manganese steels.
Organic Chemistry :
1. Tetrahedral nature of carbon, Hybridization and sigma pie bonds and their relative strength. Single and multiple bonds. Shapes of molecules. Geometrical and optical somerism.
2. General methods of preparation, properties and reaction of alkenes, alkenes and alkynes, Petroleum and its refining. Its uses as fuel. Aromatic hydrocarbons: Resonance and aromaticity. Benzene and Naphthalene and their analogues. Aromatic substitution reactions.
3. Halogen derivatives: Chloroform, Carbon Tetrachloride, Chlorobenzene, D.D.T. and Gammexane.
4. Hydroxyl Compounds: Preparation, properties and uses of Primary, Secondary and tertiary alcohols, Methanol, Ethanol, Glycerol and Phenol, Substitution reaction at aliphatic carbon atom.
5. Ethers; Diethyl ether.
6. Aldehydes and ketenes: Formaldehyde, Acetaldehyde, Benzaldehyde, acetone, cetophenone.
7. Nitro compounds amines: Nitrobenzene TNT, Aniline, Diazonium Compounds, Azodyes.
8. Carboxylic acid: Formic, acetic, benzoic and salicylic acids, acetyl salicylic acid.
9. Esters: Ethyl cerate, Methyl calculates ethyl benzoate.
10. Polymers: Polythene, Teflon, Perplex, Artificial Rubber, Nylon and Polyester fibers.
11. Nonstructural treatment of Carbohydrates, Fats and Lipids, amino acids and proteins – Vitamins and hormones.
Paper-III : Mathematics
Algebra, Mathematics, Trigonometry, Analytic Geometry, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus and Differential equations, Differential equations, Vectors and its applications, Statistics and Probability.
Candidates should have passed in Intermediate with first or second division, or an equivalent Examination of a University or Board approved by Govt of India with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination. Graduates with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as their degree subjects.